Episode 1: A Legal Analysis of Underground Arts and Culture in Iran
The first session of Siamak Pourzand Foundation’s Legal Salon podcast series focuses on those laws of the Islamic Republic that have limited the legal production of arts and culture, often resulting in the emergence and expansion of underground arts and literature in Iran. These legal limitations require artists, journalists and authors to abide by a set of ideologically-driven vague notions that seem open to interpretation by the judiciary and other intelligence authorities. Restricting laws aside, fatwas (religious edicts) can also sometimes cause further limitations for artists, journalists and authors in the Islamic Republic. Even though the legality principle is stated in various Iranian laws, this principle has been clearly breached in Article 167 of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran, allowing judges to use Islamic fatwas to issue verdicts in cases where the law is absent or silent. In this section, the guest experts examine two of these fatwas and their impact on cultural productions and creativity.